Namami Gange Project
Namami Gange Project or Namami Ganga Yojana is an ambitious Union Government Project which integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner. It its maiden budget, the governnment announced Rs. 2037 Crore towards this mission. The project is officially known as Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission project or ‘Namami Ganga Yojana’.
This project aims at Ganga Rejuvenation by combining the existing ongoing efforts and planning under it to create a concrete action plan for future.
About Ganga Basin
Ganga Basin is the largest river basin in India in terms of catchment area which is spread over 11 states that constitutes 26% of the country’s land mass and supports about 43% of its population.
Salient Project features
- Over Rs. 20,000 crore has been sanctioned in 2014-2015 budget for the next 5 years.
- Will cover 8 states, 47 towns & 12 rivers under the project.
- Over 1,632 gram panchayats on the banks of Ganga to be made open defecation-free by 2022.
- Several ministries are working with nodal Water Resources Ministry for this project includes – Environment, Urban Development , Shipping, Tourism & Rural Development Ministries.
- Prime focus will be on involving people living on the river’s banks in this project.
- Under the aegis of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) & State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) States and Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj institutions will be involved in this project.
- Setting river centric urban planning process to facilitate better citizen connects, through interventions at Ghats and River fronts.
- Expansion of coverage of sewerage infrastructure in 118 urban habitations on banks of Ganga.
- Enforcement of Ganga specific River Regulatory Zones.
- Development of rational agricultural practices & efficient irrigation methods.
- Setting Ganga Knowledge Centre.
Pollution will be checked through
- Treatment of waste water in drains by applying bio-remediation method.
- Treatment of waste water through in-situ treatment.
- Treatment of waste water by the use of innovative technologies.
- Treatment of waste water through municipal sewage & effluent treatment plants.
- Introducing immediate measures to arrest inflow of sewage.
- Introducing PPP approach for pollution control.
- Introduction of 4-battalion of Territorial Army Ganga Eco-Task Force.
Previous approaches for Ganga cleaning
Ganga Action Plan
- Ganga Action plan was launched in two phase manner by then PM Mr. Rajiv Gandhi:
- Phase I 1985: Covered 25 Ganga towns in three states over Rs 862.59 crore were spent.
- Phase II : Covered 59 towns in five states over Rs 505.31 cr were spent.
Separate action plans for rivers- Yamuna, Damodar, Gomti & Mahananda. This Action plan was failure.
National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA)
This was launched by UPA government over 43 towns were covered in five states an dover Rs 1,027 crore were spent until March 31, 2015.