Jurisdiction of National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions: Recent SC Findings

The Supreme Court has held that the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI) has original jurisdiction to determine which institution should be granted minority status.

The 2006 amendments to the NCMEI Act had introduced a “sea change” to the Commission’s power. The 2006 amendments even conferred powers of appeal against orders of the competent authority to the NCMEI. A power of cancellation was also vested in the NCMEI to cancel a certificate granted either by an authority or the NCMEI.

The findings of the judgement are:

  • The Constitution granted a fundamental right to all minorities, whether based on religion or language, to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
  • The wide power given to an independent forum like the NCMEI to declare an institution as a minority educational institution furthered the fundamental right guaranteed under Article 30.
  • The NCMEI Act has empowered the Commission “to decide all questions relating to the status of an institution as a minority educational institution and to declare its status as such.”
  • Section 11(f) would include the declaration of the status of an institution as a minority educational institution at all stages. The Supreme Court held that the NCMEI could declare an establishment as a minority educational institution “at all stages.”
  • The court held that the NCMEI had the power to decide any question that might arise, which relate directly or indirectly, with respect to the status of an institution as a minority educational institution. [The Hindu]

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