Inauguration of North West Frontier Provinces 1901
In 1897-98, there was a rising in the North West. After long consideration it was decided, at the close of 1901, to create a Northwest Frontier Province under a chief commissioner directly subordinate to the government of India. Thus a policy of conciliation was mingled with forceful suppression. Now, the new province contained the territories lying between the newly defined frontier of Afghanistan and the upper course of the River Indus. The military bases were connected with the frontier posts by a system of light railroads.