Functions of RBI


March 24, 2015

Anything that can be generally acceptable as payment for goods and services or settlement of debts is Money. It is the element of confidence that others will accept it as a payment is what gives the purchasing power to money. The major functions of money are: It...

Modernizing the monetary policy framework

March 5, 2015

How the recent move of Government to form a monetary policy committee (MPC) to decide upon the monetary policy would encroach the autonomy of RBI? Explain the significance, composition and terms of condition of MPC?

Marginal Standing Facility

March 1, 2015

Marginal Standing Facility is a new Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) window created by Reserve Bank of India in its credit policy of May 2011.  MSF is the rate at which the banks are able to borrow overnight funds from RBI against the approved government securities. The question...

Reverse Repo Rate

January 29, 2013

Reverse repo rate is the rate of interest at which the RBI borrows funds from other banks in the short term . This is done by RBI selling government bonds / securities to banks with the commitment to buy them back at a future date. The banks...

Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

April 28, 2011

Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) is the primary instrument of Reserve Bank of India for modulating liquidity and transmitting interest rate signals to the market. It refers to the difference between the two key rates viz. repo rate and reverse repo rate. Informally, Liquidity Adjustment Facility is also known...

Open Market Operations

April 28, 2011

Open Market Operations refer to the purchase and sale of the Government securities (G-Secs) by RBI from / to market. The objective of Open Market Operations is to adjust the rupee liquidity conditions in the economy on a durable basis. When RBI sells government security in the...

How RBI regulates Foreign Banks ?

April 28, 2011

On February 28, 2005, RBI had released a road map for the presence of foreign banks in India. This was the first ever documented policy on foreign banks in India. This road map suggested two phases. During the first phase between March 2005 to March 2009; the...

How RBI regulates Commercial Banks?

April 28, 2011

One of the most important functions of RBI is to work as regulator and supervisor of financial system. The financial system in India includes Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Local Area Banks, Cooperative Banks, Financial Institutions including Development Financial Institutions (DFIs) and Non-Banking Financial Companies. RBI derives...

RBI as Banker of Banks

April 28, 2011

RBI is bank of all banks in India. As a banker of banks, RBI: Enables smooth and swift clearing and settlements of inter-bank transactions Provides efficient means of funds transfer for all banks Enables banks to maintain their accounts with RBI for statutory reserve requirements and maintenance...

Ways and Means Advances

April 28, 2011

RBI works as a banker to the State Governments by agreement. But there is no fixed minimum reserve balance for the State Governments. All state Governments are required to maintain a minimum reserve balance with RBI, but it depends upon the size of the economy of the state and...