Climate Change

November 5, 2016

Climate Change and Northern Sea Route

Arctic Council is made of eight members viz. Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and United States. There are 12 observer members including China, India, Japan, South Korea etc. Rush for arctic is mainly for oil, gas, mineral reserves;…

January 12, 2016

Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on Indian Monsoon

Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) also known as Indian Nino is an irregular oscillation of sea-surface temperature, in which the Western Indian Ocean becomes alternately warmer and then colder than the eastern part of the ocean. Positive IOD During the Positive IOD, the…

January 12, 2016

Climate Forcing and Radiation Balance of Earth

Earth's climate system includes Oceans, Land surface, Cryosphere (polar ice), Biosphere and Atmosphere. This system evolves in time as per influences of its own internal dynamics. However, external factors also may affect the climate. Any external force / factor that…

January 12, 2016

Paris Agreement on Climate Change

On 12 December 2015, the Paris Agreement was adopted as an agreement within the UNFCCC framework. On 22 April 2016 {Earth Day}, 175 countries around the world have signed this agreement at the UN headquarters in New York, United States.…

January 12, 2016

Brief History of Climate Change Negotiations

Earth Summit 1992 was the first major global summit on environment held June 1992 at Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro. Outcome of this summit were five documents viz. Rio Declaration, Agenda 21, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Forest Principles…

October 20, 2015

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

The Government of India has recently submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Background The earliest notion of INDCs had come into the 2013 COP-19 held at Warsaw, Poland. In that…

October 20, 2015

Who are Climate Exiles?

Climate exiles or Environmental migrants are people who are forced to migrate from their homes due to sudden or long-term impact of their local climates as a result of which their well-being and source of livelihood stands badly disrupted. Such…

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Climate-smart agriculture

The geographical location of India makes it vulnerable regarding the climate-change. The effect of climate change on agriculture and the state of soil and water with the increasing pollution poses a serious threat to Indian agriculture. The events like El…