Climate Change

Climate Change and Northern Sea Route

November 5, 2016

Arctic Council is made of eight members viz. Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and United States. There are 12 observer members including China, India, Japan, South Korea etc. Rush for arctic is mainly for oil, gas, mineral reserves; commercial fishing opportunities; access to Northern Sea...

Indian Ocean Dipole and Its Impact on Indian Monsoon

January 12, 2016

Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) also known as Indian Nino is an irregular oscillation of sea-surface temperature, in which the Western Indian Ocean becomes alternately warmer and then colder than the eastern part of the ocean. Positive IOD During the Positive IOD, the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean off Sumatra in Indonesia...

Climate Forcing and Radiation Balance of Earth

January 12, 2016

Earth’s climate system includes Oceans, Land surface, Cryosphere (polar ice), Biosphere and Atmosphere. This system evolves in time as per influences of its own internal dynamics. However, external factors also may affect the climate. Any external force / factor that can become a cause of climate change...

Paris Agreement on Climate Change

January 12, 2016

On 12 December 2015, the Paris Agreement was adopted as an agreement within the UNFCCC framework. On 22 April 2016 {Earth Day}, 175 countries around the world have signed this agreement at the UN headquarters in New York, United States. India was also one of the 175...

Brief History of Climate Change Negotiations

January 12, 2016

Earth Summit 1992 was the first major global summit on environment held June 1992 at Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro. Outcome of this summit were five documents viz. Rio Declaration, Agenda 21, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Forest Principles and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change...

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)

October 20, 2015

The Government of India has recently submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Background The earliest notion of INDCs had come into the 2013 COP-19 held at Warsaw, Poland. In that conference, the governments around the world, “who...

Who are Climate Exiles?

October 20, 2015

Climate exiles or Environmental migrants are people who are forced to migrate from their homes due to sudden or long-term impact of their local climates as a result of which their well-being and source of livelihood stands badly disrupted. Such changes include droughts, desertification, sea level rise...

Climate-smart agriculture

March 1, 2015

Elucidate the concept of climate smart agriculture? Why it is important for country like India and how it can be achieved?

National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

December 15, 2013

Under the National Action Plan on Climate Change, India has launched a dedicated National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) to define its strategies for climate mitigation and adaptation within the agriculture sector. Emission by Agriculture Sector Agriculture is responsible for around 14% of global emissions. If the...