Notes: Guru Amar Das ji, the 3rd guru of Sikhs, raised the status of women and gave them equality with men. Excerpts of the works contributed by him for the society are as follows: a) Strictly prohibited the practice of Sati system and Pardah System. b) Started the langar ( or community kitchen) to abolish caste system. c) Started the Manji and Piri system by appointing 94 men as Manji and 52 women as Piris to spread Sikhism. d) Composed Anand Sahib, a part of the Nitnem (daily prayers).