Notes: Madras High Court was established in 1862 along with Bombay High Court and Calcutta High Court after the Indian High Courts Act was enacted in 1861. Its jurisdiction extends to Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. It was formed after merger of the Supreme Court of Judicature at Madras, and the Sadar Deewani Adalat. The first Indian to sit as a judge of the High Court was Justice T. Muthuswamy Iyer. It has a bench at Madurai. Madras High Court is also known as birthplace of organized legal reporting in India as Madras Law Journal was started in 1891.