GS-III: Land Reforms in India

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                                                            This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                                          1. Critically examine the implications of the Indian Feudalism on polity of early medieval India.
                                                          2. "Shershah Suri had laid the foundation of administration on which Akbar raised the superstructure."Explain.
                                                          3. What improvements were done by Todarmal / Akbar in the existing land revenue system created by Sher Shah Suri? Discuss their impact on peasants.
                                                          4. Write a critical note on Akbar's land revenue system. To what extent a shift from annual system of assessment to Dahsala system helped the royal exchequer or the peasants. Discuss.
                                                          5. "The position of Zamindars had undergone a paradigm change from Mughal era to British Era". Amplify.
                                                          6. "In the 18th and 19th century's free countries of Europe and America, more and more people shifted from agriculture to industry and service. Ironically, exactly reverse happened in India."Discuss critically.
                                                          7. Discuss the salient features of Permanent Settlement. Why some historians call it a bold step and a wise measure adopted by company while some others called it a sad blunder? Substantiate.
                                                          8. Critically examine the social, economical and political outcome of Permanent Settlement of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha.
                                                          9. Critically examine the circumstances in which Zamindari Abolition Acts were passed in newly independent India throwing light on the outcomes of the enactments.
                                                          10. Discuss the tenancy reforms in independent India throwing light on their achievements.
                                                          11. "The Bhoodan and Gramdan movements led by Vinoba Bhave attempted to bring about a "nonviolent revolution"in India's land reforms programme."Discuss.
                                                          12. Make a comparative account of Zamindari, Mahalwari and Ryotwari system.
                                                          13. Critically examine the impact of the commercialization of agriculture on the peasant classes during 18th and 19th century India.
                                                          14. Critically examine the performance of Land Ceiling acts / reforms in Independent India.
                                                          15. The Land Pooling strategy for the new capital of Andhra Pradesh can become an example for Centre as well as other states in India. Discuss.
                                                          16. Is the new land acquisition law is effective in addressing the issues pertaining to land acquisition? What are the problems faced by the affected people?
                                                          17. What are the major issues around land rights in areas governed by Fifth and Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution? Discuss with suitable examples.
                                                          18. What were the intended objectives of the Real Estate Investment Trusts launched in 2014? Have they been able to achieve those objectives? Discuss reviewing their progress so far and various concerns around them.
                                                          19. In India, most state governments have either put a ban on agricultural land leasing or imposed restrictions on land leasing. Discuss how changes in this policy can help creation of rural jobs and betterment of farm economy in India.
                                                          20. The land ceiling laws were enforced in 1950s and 1960s as a part of Land Reforms but they are now often alleged to be misconceived since they don't allow viable land holdings. Critically discuss this paradox suggesting it can be addressed.
                                                          21. Elucidate the reasons that led to failure of National Land Records Management / Modernization Programme. In the light of its failures, examine the prospects of Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP), which is being pushed by current government.
                                                          22. What are the main features of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2015 (LARR Act)?
                                                          23. What are the major current trends in fragmentation of land holdings in Indian agriculture?
                                                          24. Examine the relationship between the size of the land holding and the productivity.
                                                          25. What do you understand by operational land holding? Discuss various types of Land Holdings in India.
                                                          26. Suggest amendments to Model Tenancy Act to address housing sector woes.
                                                          27. Why the Model Tenancy Act is criticized for not addressing the crisis of housing sector?
                                                          28. India has not been able to implement land reforms in an efficient manner even after many decades. Enumerate the key hurdles in accomplishing land reforms in India. Also, discuss the advantages which can be reaped by accomplishing them in contemporary times.
                                                          29. Indian agriculture faces a new set of problems due to changing land holding pattern. Discuss its consequences and suggest ways to resolve such structural issues in agriculture.
                                                          30. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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