Major Issues Pertaining to Federal Structure


                                          This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. No Hadcopy is provided.
                                        1. To what extent, the idea of Cooperative Federalism undermines the constitutional mandate that India is after all a federal state with strong unitary features? Critically Examine.
                                        2. Despite the fact that the constitution of India has not prescribed any educational qualifications to contest for the Parliament and the State Assemblies; various states in India have prescribed minimum qualifications for Panchayat elections. How it affects our grassroot democracy? Discuss while putting Supreme Court observations in light.
                                        3. "Without dissent, parliamentary system is dysfunctional." In this context, discuss how can B.R. Ambedkar views on parliamentary dissent can help solve the problems being faced by the Indian Parliament in the last few years?
                                        4. What are the novel provisions of Indian federal structure that are not found in other federations? Discuss.
                                        5. Analyze the impact of political climate of UPA-I and UPA-II governments on the functioning of centre-state relations. Have there been any substantial changes in the current regime? Discuss.
                                        6. Elucidate the major changes India's federal democracy has undergone in last seven decades ?
                                        7. What are the major challenges towards reaching to a permanent and efficient dispute resolution mechanism for water allocation in interstate rivers? Critically discuss while keeping in focus recent proposal of a single, permanent Tribunal to adjudicate all inter-state river water disputes.
                                        8. Define Cooperative Federalism. What is the role of NITI Aayog in achieving the goal of cooperative federalism?
                                        9. The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is a non-constitutional body, still, it has wielded immense decision-making powers. Discuss the advantages and issues associated with it, in the context of India.
                                        10. Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.
                                        11. Adequately empowering the third tier of Indian federal structure is the key to strengthen federalism in India. Analyse.
                                        12. Discuss, the evolution of fiscal federalism in India, in the light of developments in recent years.
                                        13. In context of using discretionary powers, the scope for the governor is higher than that of the President of India. Comment.
                                        14. It has been often argued that the Governor usually acts more as ‘an agent of the centre’ than as constitutional head of state. Critically analyse.
                                        15. Highlighting the grievances of states towards centrally sponsored scheme, enumerate the steps taken by government to redress them.
                                        16. Enumerate the provisions within the institutional architecture of India to resolve inter-state disputes. Assess their effectiveness.
                                        17. While the political decentralization in India has been fairly successful, it faces several hurdles at fiscal and administrative fronts. Comment.
                                        18. The true federalism can only be achieved in India by adequately empowering third tier of Indian federal structure. Analyse.
                                        19. Discuss the powers of the Governor with respect to the elected government in states. What are the challenges to the smooth functioning of this system?
                                        20. Comment on the recent criticism of the Enforcement Directorate in India. What can be done to remove its shortcomings?
                                        21. Disclaimer: These questions have been written and answered by GKToday team over the period of time; and have included some previous years questions also. While every effort was made to ensure that these questions as well as their answers remain relevent and correct, it is possible, that some facts or context in some questions might have changed over time. GKToday does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss, damage, or disruption caused by such change of facts or context in the questions and answers of this E-book.

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