What do you understand by mission mode? Discuss various schemes launched by Government of India in mission mode for Agriculture, Horticulture and Animal Husbandry.

Mission Mode means that the projects have clearly defined objectives, scopes, implementation timelines and milestones, measurable outcomes and service levels.
Some of the schemes in the Agricultural and Horticulture sector are-
1) Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture
The Scheme integrates National Horticulture Mission, Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States, National Bamboo Mission, National Horticulture Board, Coconut Development Board & Central Institute for Horticulture, Nagaland.
2) Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States
The Mission covers all NE states including Sikkim and  Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand. The Mission addresses the entire spectrum of horticulture from production to consumption through backward & forward linkages
3) National Horticulture Mission
The scheme intends to promote holistic growth of the horticulture sector through an area based regionally differentiated strategies.
4) National Mission on Agricultural Extension & Technology
The objective of the Mission is to make the extension system farmer-driven & farmer-accountable by way of new institutional arrangements for technology dissemination. It has four sub-missions: Sub Mission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE); Sub-Mission on Seed & Planting Material (SMSP); Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM); & Sub Mission on Plant Protection & Plant Quarantine (SMPP)
5) National Saffron Mission
The National Saffron Mission Program aims to revive saffron production in Jammu and Kashmir. Under the mission, drip irrigation, research, mechanization, processing and marketing support to ease the crisis in saffron production
6) Technology Mission on Citrus (for Vidarbha)
The Mission objective is bringing quality citrus production in Vidarbha region.
Under the Animal Husbandry, some of the schemes in Mission Mode are-
1) National Livestock Mission
The Mission includes all activities which are required to bring about improvement in livestock production systems & capacity building of all stakeholders.
It has 4 Sub-Missions: i) Livestock Development; ii) Pig Development in NE Region; iii) Feed & Fodder Development; and iv) Skill Development, Technology Transfer & Extension
2) Rashtriya Gokul Mission
The aims of this Mission are-

  1. a) Undertaking breed improvement program for indigenous cattle breeds.
  2. b) Enhancing milk production & productivity of indigenous bovines.
  3. c) Upgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds.
  4. d) Distributing disease free high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds for service

3) National Mission on Protein Supplements
National Mission for Protein Supplements is a part of the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana. It seeks to promote animal based protein production through livestock development, dairy farming, piggery, goat rearing and fisheries in selected blocks.


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