What are the reasons of the anti-globalization calls in developed world in recent times? Discuss highlighting impacts of protectionism on India's interests.

Anti-globalisation calls have gained a significant momentum in the developed world. Therefore strong tendencies of protectionism and isolationism are being observed in developed countries. The reasons for it are

  • The developed countries are still languishing under the effects of economic slowdown of 2008.
  • Increased post truth culture which is promoting a myopic view that protectionism and isolationism will aid in reviving of economies.
  • The increasing north-south divide. The interests of the developing and developed world are seen as conflicting. The developed world wants to protect its market from influx of goods from developing countries.
  • Stagnation in WTO. Various critical issues like SSM, Doha agenda are still to be resolved.
  • Increasing sub-regionalism like TPP to achieve a coalescence of developed world to pressurize developing world.
  • Rising unemployment and stagnation or declining growth rates in developing world.

India which is exploring the opportunities to earn the demographic dividend will be impacted adversely. Because

  • Greater barriers in achieving access to markets due to protectionism.
  • India has a surplus workforce. Protectionism and isolationism will be detrimental to interests of the country.
  • A restricted FDI which will slow down the infrastructure development. As India’s is facing investment deficit.
  • A limited access to technology and resources for clean energy initiatives. This will hinder India in fulfilling its commitment under Paris climate agreement.

Globalisation is a one way road which the world has traversed. Though there are certain shortcomings, more globalisation is a solution to address these shortcomings. Actions like protectionism and isolationism will aggravate the problems rather than offering respite from the shortcomings of globalisation.


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