What are the key highlights of the State of Indiaï¿½s Environment 2019? Discuss the concerns raised and measures required to be done.
The State of Indiaï¿½s Environment 2019 is an exclusive data-driven analysis of major developmental and environmental sectors. SoE 2019 is an annual quantified statement of environmental statistics and analysis.
- State of air: 5 per cent of all deaths in India are from Air pollution. Its impact on children is equally worrying. Over 100,000 children below the age of five die due to bad air in the country.
- State of water: Both surface and groundwater in the country are under stress. The bulk of the polluted water bodies are in Karnataka, Telangana and Kerala. This is due to the substantial increase in the number of grossly polluting industries between 2011 and 2018
- State of land and agriculture: Indiaï¿½s agriculture sector is under due stress. While the input costs for major crops are rising, the average farmland size is shrinking.
- State of Health: Indiaï¿½s rural health infrastructure is seriously ill. There is a 35 per cent shortfall in the number of 24ï¿½7 public health centres, where 26 per cent of the positions for medical officers are lying vacant. The country has the worldï¿½s largest absolute burden of at least 11 major neglected tropical diseases.
- State of waste: The burden of solid waste is becoming unmanageable. India claims to process 96 per cent of its biomedical waste. The country has also recorded a 56 per cent increase in the number of hazardous-waste generating industries between 2009 and 2016-17.
- State of energy: Gas-based plants are running at 24 per cent of their capacity due to the acute shortage of domestic natural gas. Hydropower projects are running at just 19 per cent of their capacity and their share in total installed capacity has consistently declined since 1962.
- State of climate:ï¿½There has been a 22 per cent increase in Indiaï¿½s greenhouse gas emissions between 2010 and 2014. This has been fuelled by the energy sector, which is responsible for 73 per cent of the total GHG emissions.
- State of wildlife:ï¿½37 species were poached or seized in 2018. Of these, 13, including lion, marked an increase over the last year.161 wild animals were also killed due to road and train accidents.
- State of employment:ï¿½India has witnessed a 1.9 times increase in the unemployment rate in the past two years. This has especially affected the youth and the educated.
The above report gives an overview of the overall economical and environmental developments .This is very useful for long term planning.
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