What are Peri-urban areas? Highlight the problems of Peri-urban areas in India and also suggest corrective measures.
Peri-urban areas refer to the area near by a urban town, which is in fast developing stage, or has developed due to agglomeration economy.
Problems of Peri urban areas:
- Automatic expansion leads to bad management of town.
- Dumping ground of urban efflux. E.g. Waste Mounds on outskirts of Delhi.
- Ghettoization is a common problem. E.g. Dharavi in Mumbai.
- Health, Sanitation, and Social evil of gender disparity are common.
- Education, Political participation, and vote bank politics are major concerns.
- Establishing municipal board or town management committee.
- People participation and state’s active involvement.
- City level planning in terms of master plan is needed. E.g. Slum rehabilitation work.
- More NGO, Mohalla clinic, Mobile health vans are needed.
- Spreading awareness among society through NGOs and civil society. E.g. Jaga mission of Odisha for innovative housing can be replicated.
While developing economy coming to Peri-urban area is inevitable, sustainable planning is the need of the hour to realise dream of sustainable development goals of Sustainable cities.