039 - Various Issues Related to Executive Judiciary in India

The power to punish for contempt of courts is necessary for rule of law and supremacy of law. Critically analyse.

The constitution provides power to punish for ‘contempt’ under article 129 for Supreme Court and under article 215 for High Court, as both are courts of record. Types of contempt: Civil Contempt – It refers to wilful disobedience of the order of court or slandering the authority of the court. Criminal Contempt – It occurs ..

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While judicial governance has played an important role in engendering human rights jurisprudence and infusing accountability in the functioning of government institutions, but it often turns into judicial overreach. Comment.

The separation of powers & principles of checks & balances are political doctrines established on the belief that too much power for any institution is corrupting & leads to an undesirable influence. Why Judicial Governance: Apathy by the legislature and executive is one of the prime reasons. Judicial interference has led to various needed reforms ..

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Throw some light on the problems that creates hurdles in effective functioning of the Gram Nyayalayas.

As per several reports, over 3.5 crore cases are pending in the judiciary, out of which more than 75% are civil cases. Thus, judicial reforms, Alternate Dispute Resolution & Gram Nyayalayas are needed to prevent “Matsyanyaya” where big fish eats the small fish. Features of Gram Nyayalayas: Both civil and criminal cases are handled. Headquartered ..

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While judiciary should not be a silent spectator when constitutional rights of citizens are infringed by executive policies, it must also not assume the role of the executive or pass policy prescriptions. Critically analyze.

Separation of powers is a cardinal feature of the Indian constitution, based on the doctrine of checks and balances. Recently there have been instances of judicial activism, which have raised concerns on the role of judiciary. Why intervention of Judiciary is needed? In line with doctrine of checks & balances. As seen in Anuradha Bhasin ..

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The electoral Bond scheme is a step that will take away transparency and accountability from electoral funding. Critically analyze.

The electoral Bond scheme is a tool to fund political parties and their elections. It brings a mechanism to fund political parties through digital payments while ensuring secrecy. Electrical bonds – towards Transparency and Accountability: The bonds can only be given through verified bank accounts, leading to the reduced role of black money in funding ..

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The sedition law has its roots in colonial India, however, it has continued to date. Are there any valid arguments for continuing it in the 21st century in democratic India? Discuss in light of the debate surrounding it.

The sedition law was introduced in colonial India in 1890, on the recommendation of Thomas Macaulay, under section 124A and 156A of IPC. It has remained in force even after independence. Arguments in favour of continuing the law: It enables to counter the anti-national elements that may try to harm the unity, integrity, and sovereignty ..

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