066 - Storage Transport and Marketing of Agricultural Produce Related Issues

A barrier-free trade of the agriculture produce is essential in doubling farmer’s incomes. The farm laws that are taken back were a right step to tackle the bottlenecks. Critically analyze.

While India has 18 percent of the world’s population, it has only 2.4 % of world’s area, only a fraction of which is available for agriculture. Thus, there is excess crowding in agriculture which contributes to 18% of GDP and supports 40% of workforce. Bottlenecks: At the time of independence, the money lenders would usurp ..

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Right marketing strategies and an efficient supply chain are imperative to make India a global food supply leader. Elucidate.

Despite being among countries with largest area under cultivation, India’s contribution to global agriculture exports is a meagre 2 to 3%. Opportunities for India: Second largest rice and wheat production. Largest Dairy producer in world. Second largest fisheries sector in world. Second largest Horticulture production in world. Largest production of millets. Despite above opportunities, the ..

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India’s policy of price intervention in the agricultural sector has done more harm than benefit. It has created a skewed agricultural market and complicated matters related to international trade rules. Critically discuss.

The agricultural sector provides employment to nearly 45% population and is crucial to India’s food security. Thus, numerous price interventions exist to support the sector: Direct Benefit Transfer to farmers, e.g. PM-Kisan. Guaranteed crop procurement at pre-decided prices, e.g. MSP, PM-Aasha. Material support, e.g. Subsidised electricity, water supply, fertilizers, seeds, etc. Impact of price interventions: ..

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Indian agriculture needs to move towards GM food crops, in order to ensure the food security of the country. Critically examine in context of concerns raised towards introduction of GM crops.

Recently, Genetically Modified food crops drew attention, as Indian-origin food shipments in European Union were found to violate GM content percentage. Genetically modified food crops are those in which modifications are introduced in their genes to enhance certain qualities like shelf-life, pest resistance, yield, etc. E.g. BT cotton for increased pest resistance. GM crop for ..

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Discuss the challenges faced by jute industry in India. What are the steps taken by the government to address these challenges?

Jute is a biodegradable natural fibre that is used for variety of purpose like making ropes, gunny bags for packaging, etc. Challenges faced by Jute industry: The small size of Jute making firms. The use of obsolete machinery and technology. Inadequate connection with the high value markets of the world like the USA, European Union, ..

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Despite its importance, agricultural marketing faces various institutional and infrastructural-related issues in India. Elaborate. Also, discuss the measures that have been taken in this context.

Agricultural marketing is a subject under the state list and is regulated by state acts on Agriculture Produce Market Committees (APMCs). These are designated as 1st place of sale for farm produce. Issues faced by APMCs: Infrastructural Issues: Lack of adequate infrastructure for proper handling and storage of produce. Only 10% APMCs have cold chain ..

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