017 - Population and Associated Issues

Highlight the fundamental reasons behind the employment problem that India is facing currently. Also, suggest a way forward.

Unemployment is defined as a situation when a person actively searching for employment is unable to find work. It is often used as a measure of the health of the economy. According to recent data from the Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), India’s unemployment rate rose to 7.83% in April 2022. India employment problem: ..

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Recent reports and National Family health Surveys have signaled a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Highlighting this shift, Discuss the challenges that it will pose. Also, suggest remedial measures.

Recently released NFHS-5 report indicated a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Population stabilization and TFR of below 2.0 achieved. Share of young people in India’s demography has started to decline. Even UNDESA highlighted that India is soon going to witness the phenomenon of ageing, & share of elderly will rise to around 20% by 2050. ..

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“India’s national population policies have failed to achieve their objectives as we remain world’s second largest populated country.” What are the shortcomings? Discuss.

The first National Population Policy was formulated and tabled in 1976 in Parliament. However, the statement was neither discussed nor adopted. Further the National Health Policy was then designed in 1983.It stressed the need for ‘securing the small family norm, through voluntary efforts and moving towards the goal of population stabilization’. This was followed by ..

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“The growing population problem calls for a definite population policy and its effective implementation.”Discuss.

At present India is the second most populous country in the world, sustaining 16.7% of the world’s population on 2.4% of the world’s surface area. The population of India in 1951 was 35 crore, but by 2011, it had increased to 121 crore. The increase in population results in lower resource availability; affects capital formation, ..

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“Economists in India have put forward the reasons for and against the question of whether India is over-populated.” Discuss presenting your view.

No doubt, that high population growth rate in India is a cause of worry, but to judge whether India is over-populated or not is a cumbersome task, since there is no specific criterion to judge whether a country is over-populated or not. Economists in India have put forward the reasons for and against the question ..

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“Migration, fertility and mortality are the basic fundamental elements determining population growth and demographic structure of a country.” Elucidate.

Demographic structure relates to studies of a population based on factors such as age, race, sex, and economic status, level of education, income level and employment, among others. It is influenced by basic fundamental elements such as: Migration, fertility and mortality. Migration is permanent or semi-permanent change of residence of an individual or group of people ..

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