GS-I: Population and Associated Issues

In light of the global population touching 8 billion people, discuss the opportunities and challenges going ahead.

On November 15, 2022, the population of the globe surpassed 8 billion, according to UN projections. It took about 1 billion years from the origin of humanity to around 1800 AD to attain a worldwide population of 1 billion, and ..

Topics: 

In the last two decades, the population in the Southern states has stabilised, however it still remains a dream for the northern states. Analyse the reasons behind this trend.

India is the second most populous country in the world and is projected to surpass China and become the most populous by 2030. Population trends: Declining growth ratio in Southern states – Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh. Rapid growth ..

Topics: 

Highlight the factors behind fast-paced rural to urban migration and discuss the challenges arising out of it, mainly for the economically weaker sections. Also suggest measures to address this issue.

According to Census 2011, 31.4% of population resides in urban areas. Further 307 million are registered as migrants in the census, predominantly rural to urban migration. Reasons: Agricultural distress in rural areas. More educational opportunities in cities. Lack of economic ..

Topics: 

Highlight the fundamental reasons behind the employment problem that India is facing currently. Also, suggest a way forward.

Unemployment is defined as a situation when a person actively searching for employment is unable to find work. It is often used as a measure of the health of the economy. According to recent data from the Center for Monitoring ..

Topics: 

Recent reports and National Family health Surveys have signaled a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Highlighting this shift, Discuss the challenges that it will pose. Also, suggest remedial measures.

Recently released NFHS-5 report indicated a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Population stabilization and TFR of below 2.0 achieved. Share of young people in India’s demography has started to decline. Even UNDESA highlighted that India is soon going to witness ..

Topics: 

“India’s national population policies have failed to achieve their objectives as we remain world’s second largest populated country.” What are the shortcomings? Discuss.

The first National Population Policy was formulated and tabled in 1976 in Parliament. However, the statement was neither discussed nor adopted. Further the National Health Policy was then designed in 1983.It stressed the need for ‘securing the small family norm, ..

Topics: