Two parallel run schemes of the Government viz. the Adhaar Card and NPR, one as voluntary and the other as compulsory, have led to debates at national levels and also litigations. On merits, discuss whether or not both schemes need run concurrently. Analyse the potential of the schemes to achieve developmental benefits and equitable growth.

Though there is overlap between Aadhaar and NPR to a certain extent, there are some essential differences between them and the purpose they serve. Aadhaar revolves around the Adhaar number rather than the card, and is fashioned in a manner similar to the social security number in USA. The Adhaar number is then linked to ..