004 - Modern Indian History - Significant Events

Though it had its achievements, the exclusion of Indians from the system was a key feature of judicial reforms introduced by Cornwallis. Analyze.

Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793) is regarded as the father of modern administration in India. He introduced reforms in police, judiciary, land revenue systems, etc. The judicial reform of Cornwallis had the following features: Separated criminal and civil courts Established hierarchy of courts with criminal side headed by Sadar Nijamat Adalat and civil side by Sadar Diwani ..

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Analyze how India handled the Jammu and Kashmir’s invasion of Pakistan in 1947?

After the abrogation of special status to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370, there have been widespread discussions over how India handled the invasion of Pakistan in 1947. The invasion and subsequent tussle ended with a ceasefire. Then Prime Minister Pandit Nehru is criticized for taking the matter of Pakistani Invasion to the United Nations ..

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Why did Gandhi launch the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and with what results?

After withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement by Gandhi after Chauri-Chaura incident in 1922, there was no large-scale mass movement. After Lahore Session of Congress 1929, Gandhi presented his eleven points demand which did not receive positive response. The Congress Working Committee gave him full powers to launch this Civil Disobedience Movement at the time and ..

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Discuss the aims and objects of the Khilafat Movement. To what extent was it successful?

Khilafat Movement (1919-1924) originated in India to support the Caliphate of Ottoman Empire in Turkey against the insulting treatment by the Britishers after the First World War. Sultan of Turkey was considered as Khalifa of Islam by Indian Muslims. For an organized protest on the issue, Shaukat Ali and Muhammed Ali (Ali Brothers), Maulana Azad, ..

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How did the movement for the liberation of women receive a great stimulus from the rise and growth of the nationalist movement in India?

In the beginning, the nationalist movement was mainly in the form of upliftment of society through socio-religious reforms. During this phase of socio-religious movements, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Ishwar Chandra Vidhyasagar, D. K. Karve etc. propagated widow-remarriage, female education, right to inheritance of women in paternal property, abolition of child marriage system and polygamy. In ..

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It is time to recreate Gandhi’s notion of Satyagraha. Does the statement hold importance in present times of increasing violence against minorities?

It is time that our society accepts the notion of reinvention of Gandhiji as a political philosopher for the struggle against the violence unleashed against the minorities. Some incidents which have shaken the confidence of the entire nation need real reflection in terms of the need to go back to the space of non-violence which ..

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