034 - Major Issues Pertaining to Federal Structure

Discuss, the evolution of fiscal federalism in India, in the light of developments in recent years.

Fiscal federalism refers to distribution of fiscal powers between the various organs of governments, viz. Union, State, 3rd tier. Recent changes such as 101st constitutional amendment act (GST) and debate around cesses have brought fiscal federalism into news. Evolution of fiscal federalism over time: 1950-1990: Establishment of finance commission to recommend devolution of finances to ..

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Adequately empowering the third tier of Indian federal structure is the key to strengthen federalism in India. Analyse.

The 73rd and 74th amendments to the constitution of India ushered in decentralization by establishing PRIs & Municipalities as 3rd tier of Indian federal structure. Despite these constitutional amendments, the 3rd tier suffers from problems inhibiting true empowerment. It faces the problem of “4Fs”: Funds: less than 5% of funds spent by PRIs & municipalities ..

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Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.

MPLAD is a Central Sector Scheme, announced in 1993, with an objective to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature, primarily in their Constituencies. Role in creating community assets: The developmental work emphasize upon creation of durable community assets in field of drinking water, primary education, public health, sanitation and roads, etc. It can ..

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The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is a non-constitutional body, still, it has wielded immense decision-making powers. Discuss the advantages and issues associated with it, in the context of India.

In India’s Polity, the PMO is a non-constitutional body, and along with a “Kitchen Cabinet”, it is often called the real government, because of the immense decision-making powers that it wields. There are both pros and cons for such high powers. Advantages of immense powers with PMO: With fewer members involved in discussions, the decision-making ..

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Define Cooperative Federalism. What is the role of NITI Aayog in achieving the goal of cooperative federalism?

Cooperative federalism is a concept of federalism�in which federal, state, and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems. Government of India has replaced the old�planning commission�started in 1950 with a new institution called NITI Aayog on 1 January 2015.�It works under the chairmanship of Prime Minister. NITI Aayog will seek to provide ..

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What are the major challenges towards reaching to a permanent and efficient dispute resolution mechanism for water allocation in interstate rivers? Critically discuss while keeping in focus recent proposal of a single, permanent Tribunal to adjudicate all inter-state river water disputes.

Challenges towards reaching a permanent and efficient dispute resolution mechanism Extreme delays in dispute resolution, No further avenue for redress grievances after the dissolution of the tribunal 3 .No permanent institution for implementing tribunal awards Objection of state to implement the award of tribunal as happened in the Cauvery and Krishna dispute Politicization of water ..

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