064 - Major Crops Cropping Patterns in Various Parts of India

Discuss the challenges faced by jute industry in India. What are the steps taken by the government to address these challenges?

Jute is a biodegradable natural fibre that is used for variety of purpose like making ropes, gunny bags for packaging, etc. Challenges faced by Jute industry: The small size of Jute making firms. The use of obsolete machinery and technology. Inadequate connection with the high value markets of the world like the USA, European Union, ..

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Throw light on the contribution of agriculture to GHG emissions. Suggest measures that can be undertaken to address the challenges in reducing agriculture’s carbon footprint in India.

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian Economy. With climate change, there is an increased need for scrutiny of agriculture as a source of Greenhouse gas emissions. GHG Emissions from Agriculture: Methane – Rice cultivation by flooding the fields is a major source of methane emissions. The use of fertilizers (primarily nitrogenous ones like urea) ..

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The Proposal of the government to give fillip to Zero Budget Natural Farming is criticized as a hurried move. What are the concerns of the scientific community against Zero Budget Natural Farming?

Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman in her maiden budget speech announced a proposal to address widespread farmers distress through zero budget technique that would take India’s agriculture sector ‘back to basics’. Zero Budget Natural Farming Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a farming technique devised by Subhash Palekar which advocates the use of naturally occurring ..

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What are potential, opportunities and challenges for Floriculture in India?

Floriculture refers to the cultivation and management of ornamental, especially flowering plants. Potential of Floriculture in India: Floriculture has the great potential to develop and flourish in India due to the following opportunities: India’s location in tropical and subtropical zone provides for varied agro-climatic conditions. This varies agro-climatic conditions helps in growing any kind of ..

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Despite huge demand for palm oil, why the the area under cultivation of palm has not increased in India?

Even though India is the fourth-largest grower of oilseeds India relies on imports to meet over 70 per cent of its vegetable oil requirements and about 60 per cent of the requirement is met through palm oil. Measures to increase the area of cultivation of palm oil The government started National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil ..

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Discuss the socio-economic and environmental consequences of wheat-paddy cycle becoming the dominant cropping pattern on states in northern India.

The wheat-paddy cropping system is the most widely adopted cropping system in India. It is especially dominant in states of northern India, adjacent to Indo-Gangetic plains like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh. Consequences of dominance: The cultivation of the wheat-paddy cropping over a prolonged period has been causing environmental and socio-economic problems. Environmental problems: ..

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