073 - Land Reforms in India

India has not been able to implement land reforms in an efficient manner even after many decades. Enumerate the key hurdles in accomplishing land reforms in India. Also, discuss the advantages which can be reaped by accomplishing them in contemporary times.

Land Reforms refer to the redistribution of land resources in an equitable manner. At the time of independence, Aacharya Vinod Bhave and JP Narayan had led the Gramdan and Bhoodan movement with these noble ideas. Even our first Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru, was devoted to this cause. He enacted first Constitutional Amendment Act in ..

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Critically examine the performance of Land Ceiling acts / reforms in Independent India.

Land ceiling means fixing maximum size of land holding that an individual or family can own. The land above the ceiling limit, called surplus land and the surplus land is distributed among small farmers, tenants, landless labourers or handed over to village panchayat. In India, by 1961-62, all the state governments have passed the land ..

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"The Bhoodan and Gramdan movements led by Vinoba Bhave attempted to bring about a "nonviolent revolution"in India's land reforms programme."Discuss.

The problems faced by the landless harijans were presented to Vinoba Bhave in Pochampalli, Telangana. To resolve the problem of landless peasants Vinobha Bhave started the Bhoodan movement in 1951.In response to appeal by Vinoba Bhave, some land owing class agreed to voluntary donation of their some part of land. This led to the birth ..

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Discuss the tenancy reforms in independent India throwing light on their achievements.

Tenancy reforms aimed to regulation of rent, providing security of tenure and conferring ownership to tenants. Regulation of Rent: With the enactment of legislation for regulating the rent payable by the cultivators in the early 1950s, fair rent was fixed at 20 to 25 percent of the gross produce level. Security of tenure: It envisaged ..

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Critically examine the circumstances in which Zamindari Abolition Acts were passed in newly independent India throwing light on the outcomes of the enactments.

When the exploitation of Zamindars on peasants increased and government failed to frame the policies for peasants’ savior. There came a need to abolish the Zamindari system. However, the process of passing Zamindari abolition bills had started even when the constitution of India was not enacted. A number of provinces such as United Provinces (UP), ..

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Critically examine the impact of the commercialization of agriculture on the peasant classes during 18th and 19th century India.

The British Era is also known as a period of commercial revolution in the agricultural sector. Industrial revolution during the early 17th century in Britain and in other European countries during 18th and 19th century brought about a change from substantial to commercial agriculture. Cash transactions become the basis of exchange and largely replaced the ..

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