015 - Important Social Institutions Issues

Discuss the challenges faced in curbing custodial violence. Also highlight the legal concerns associated with it and ways to address this issue.

India is a ‘nation of laws’, we have consistently ranked high in the ‘World Justice Projects’ and ‘Rule of Law Index’. Hence, custodial killings are an affront to our democracy & due process. Custodial violence refers to use of unethical coercion or physical force to make the accused behave in a particular manner. They are ..

Topics: 

The merit-based actions against some civil society groups are necessary but some opine it as curb on dissent. Analyze.

The Civil society refers to those non-governmental actors that work as non-profit actors for humanitarian causes. They are so well recognized that their participation is extensive in UN & its associated bodies. Impact of actions on civil society: If action is too much – results in persecution, freedom issue, rule of law not followed, welfare ..

Topics: 

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has played an important role in tackling the issues faced by scheduled castes in India, but there is a need to strengthen it for the betterment of Scheduled Castes. Elaborate.

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) was established under Article 338 of the constitution. It earlier dealt with Scheduled Tribes too but after the 89th constitutional amendment, it has been relieved. Yet, it still looks after Anglo-Indians too. Need for strengthening: According to People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), the present organization is a ..

Topics: 

Discuss how the structure of caste system in India has undergone a paradoxical change over last few decades.

Caste system or the “Chaturvarna System” has been an integral element of Indian Society since ancient times. Basic features of traditional caste structure: Strict 4-fold division of occupations, viz. Brahmins-religious rituals, Shudras-Menial jobs. Segregation of living space on the basis of caste. Discrimination on the basis of caste – untouchability. Changes over last few decades: ..

Topics: 

The idea that public intent data can play a transformative role in the public sector has its own set of challenges. Discuss.

Public Intent Data refers to data that is used for public welfare. Recently released world development report by World Bank, titled “Data for better lives” referred to the role of Public Intent Data in public sector. Transformative role of data in public sector: Better service delivery through targeted schemes, e.g., Aadhar linkage. Better design of ..

Topics: 

Recent reports and National Family health Surveys have signaled a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Highlighting this shift, Discuss the challenges that it will pose. Also, suggest remedial measures.

Recently released NFHS-5 report indicated a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Population stabilization and TFR of below 2.0 achieved. Share of young people in India’s demography has started to decline. Even UNDESA highlighted that India is soon going to witness the phenomenon of ageing, & share of elderly will rise to around 20% by 2050. ..

Topics: