084 - Environmental Impact Assessment
The need of the hour is to do away with traditional accounting methods like GDP calculation and move towards more comprehensive methods that accounts for Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services as well to establish link between economy and environment. In this context, discuss the initiatives taken by India.
Natural capital and Ecosystem services (NC&EC) refers to value stored in land, water, forest, and other natural resources, e.g. Forest – provisioning food, shelter, disaster resilience, etc. Accounting for natural capital and ecosystem services is crucial for realizing their importance, as well as understanding the economic link of environment with economy: Accounting in GDP – ..
One of the greatest environmental challenges that the world is facing today is desertification and it is getting worse because of climate change. Discuss.
India hosted 14th COP to UN Convention on Desertification which brought to light concerns & challenges around desertification. Nearly 30% of India’s land is undergoing desertification. Desertification: An environmental challenge: Loss of biodiversity – biodiversity is always supported by land, e.g. Himalayan biodiversity is eroding due to desertification. Reduced ground water recharge due to tree ..
Given the nature of air pollution crisis in India, certain context-specific solutions are required to tackle it comprehensively. Discuss.
According to IQ air report 2021, 9 out of 10 most polluted cities in terms of air pollution are in India. Nature of air pollution crisis: Agricultural sector – It contributes to methane emissions from paddy farming, nitrogen oxide from fertilizers and particulate & CO2 via stubble burning. Vehicles – Vehicular emission results in CO2, ..
The Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) or excessive algae growth refers to proliferation of algae in water bodies and oceans that causes negative impacts to other organisms. In some locations occurrence of HAB appears to be natural, while in most of the cases it is the result of human activities. Causes: HABs are induced by eutrophication, ..
Throw light on the contribution of agriculture to GHG emissions. Suggest measures that can be undertaken to address the challenges in reducing agriculture’s carbon footprint in India.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian Economy. With climate change, there is an increased need for scrutiny of agriculture as a source of Greenhouse gas emissions. GHG Emissions from Agriculture: Methane – Rice cultivation by flooding the fields is a major source of methane emissions. The use of fertilizers (primarily nitrogenous ones like urea) ..
River pollution not only impacts the marine river ecosystem but also impacts the surrounding ecosystems. Discuss. Also, explain why such pollution has not shown any signs of improvement, despite various government initiatives.
River pollution is one of the major environmental issues in India. CPCB data shows that almost 150 rivers are heavily polluted in India, their water is so polluted that it cannot be used by humans. River pollution has a detrimental impact on surrounding ecosystems: River pollution generates a foul odor, impacting human habitation. It acts ..