There is no Plan B because we do not have a Planet B. Explain the statement in the context of recent agreement of G20 Members to tackle ocean plastic waste.
The pollution caused by the single use plastics is affecting the environment. Therefore steps must be taken to reduce their use and explore sustainable alternatives. India has committed to beat plastic pollution by 2022.
India has 7,500 km of coastline. The government should establish a national and regional marine litter action campaign as well as a program to measure the total marine plastic footprint in Indiaï¿½s coastal waters.
Harmful effects of Plastic pollution:
- 13 million tonnes of plastic ending up in the ocean each year.
- Most used plastic materials are non-biodegradable and decompose at different rates
- They threaten marine life and the well-being of people
- Plastic waste enters our food chain
- Creates congestion problems in drains, causing flooding
- Depleting ecosystems and marine biodiversity
- It makes solid waste management more expensive as landfills and open incineration do not provide an acceptable solution for disposal
Ways to reduce the effects of plastic pollution:
- We can reduce our plastic pollution and be more environmentally conscious by avoiding single-use plastics
- We can use jute bags, glass bottles or jars, steel or ceramic cutleries and utensils, and paper-made tetra packs
- More research and technology investment and development is required to make alternatives to plastic that are economically viable and affordable
- Enactment of strong policies and regulations that will encourage a more sustainable model for the design and production of plastics
- Local bodies should design rules to ensure segregation, collection and transfer of waste
Presently, over one million plastic bags and one million plastic bottles are used every minute worldwide. About 50% of the plastics used are single use which constitute 10% of the total waste generated.