Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it is not considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss.
Both Nalanda and Taxila Universities were renowned ancient institutions of higher learning. However, while Nalanda was a formal university in the modern sense of the word, Taxila functioned under more informal conditions. Nalanda had almost all the infrastructure we associate with a good University in today’s time, namely, multiple classrooms, extensive library, dormitories for students, accommodation for professors etc. On the other hand, Taxila University did not have any lecture halls nor did it provide residential quarters for its teachers or students.
There was no centralized system of schooling or syllabus in Taxila. Taxila followed no system of examinations, and did not award degrees to its students. The education system there was flexible, and was modified according to a student’s capabilities. Also, the teachers of Taxila worked with complete autonomy, forming their own school of learning with their specific set of rules and manner of functioning.
Most of these schools were run by teachers in their private houses, and received no formal infrastructural support from the Taxila University, unlike Nalanda. As far as the objective of imparting knowledge is concerned, both Taxila and Nalanda Universities were very effective institutions, but their manner of functioning differed drastically, with Nalanda University being more structured than Taxila.
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