Page-4 of UPSC Questions

Highlight the vulnerabilities in the cyber security architecture of India. Also, discuss the measures to deal with this.

Cyber security refers to the defences elected against malafide attacks on the ICT infrastructure. Types of attack: Keyloggers and data recorders. Virus to bug system and track Coordinated State attacks. Trojan horse software. Server overload and crashing. Vulnerabilities: Lack of centralised response authority. Currently powers of Cert-In under Meity are very limited. Critical information infrastructure ..

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Though most of insurgent groups of northeast have given up violence and are engaged in peace talks, there are several issues that can act as hurdle in the way of peace. Discuss.

North East India comprises of the seven sisters & Sikkim. Most of these areas have faced a problem of insurgency in past, but now the problem is limited to a few areas only. Insurgent Groups: The Mizo-National Front – surrendered and signed an agreement with India in 1986. Consequently Laldenga entered into politics. The Naga ..

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Throw some light on the potential applications of quantum technology. Also, discuss the challenges associated with this technology.

Quantum technology is the latest leap in computer technology & will usher in a golden age for humanity. A traditional computer uses binary bits, which denote either 1 or 0. But in a quantum computer, there may be multiple possible output states. Thus, a quantum computer can store, process & compute data in much more ..

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5G technology will prove to be a game-changer for digitally empowering the nation, but there are several challenges that needs to be tackled. Critically Analyze.

5G technology refers to the 5th generation mobile-radio-telephony apparatus that is run on radio-waves, has lower latency, lower energy use & faster speed than previous generation. As per International Telecommunication Union, 5G will contribute to 2% increase in Global GDP. Unique opportunities: Higher speed will help in digital education, Tele-medicine & Tele-law, Digital courts, etc. ..

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It’s not just the geographical conditions that have led to recurring floods in Eastern India. Discuss and also suggest measures to tackle this menace.

Floods are an adverse meteorological event wherein an excessive amount of water gets accumulated in an area & is unable to leave causing submergence. As per IPCC report; over 2 times more floods are occurring per year since the 2000’s. But the devastating impact is also due to human action & our pattern of settlements ..

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A barrier-free trade of the agriculture produce is essential in doubling farmer’s incomes. The farm laws that are taken back were a right step to tackle the bottlenecks. Critically analyze.

While India has 18 percent of the world’s population, it has only 2.4 % of world’s area, only a fraction of which is available for agriculture. Thus, there is excess crowding in agriculture which contributes to 18% of GDP and supports 40% of workforce. Bottlenecks: At the time of independence, the money lenders would usurp ..

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