Page-4 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - September, 2022

Many critical issues related to Intellectual property regime has been raised after Covid pandemic along with demand for liberalisation of public health related goods and services. Discuss.

After COVID, different nations, non-state groups and citizens have sought affordable access to patented vaccines and medicines developed to treat COVID. These nations include South American Countries, India, South Africa, etc. Issues raised regarding Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): These drugs are often patented for 20 years or more. Thus no other manufacturer can produce them, ..

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In the light of risks posed by hazardous chemicals (HAZCHEM) in India, examine India’s preparedness in Chemical Disaster Management (CDM).

India has a thriving chemical industry, as well as other heavy industries that are reliant on chemical engineering operations. Iron and steel, thermal power, refrigeration plants and fertilizer industries are among these. In the light of various chemical disasters happened in past, it is necessary to be prepared to deal with chemical disasters. Preparedness in ..

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The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) by IPCC is being termed as the ‘code red’ for humanity. Examine the concerns raised in the report focussing on India. Enlist remedial measures given by the report.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a body of scientists reviewing latest research on climate change. Thereafter different assessment reports (ARs) have been published at different points in time. Concerns raised in AR6: Increasing variability of monsoonal rain. Indian agriculture will be adversely affected. Increase in El Nino and El Nino Modoki. Thus ..

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The negative consequences of input-intensive and unsustainable agricultural practices in India can be nullified by transitioning to Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA). Discuss.

The Green revolution catalyzed heavy use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, as well as water. Indian food security improved, yet there has been degradation of ecology and increasing indebtedness of farmers. Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture minimizes use of inputs, while aiming for higher yields. Increasing water use efficiency is one means. Some states have ..

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India’s push for transitioning from fossil fuels to more sustainable forms of renewable energy will not lead results until reforms are done in power distribution and transmission companies. Elucidate.

India has an energy mix that is heavily tilted towards fossil fuels. Owing to the threat of climate change and international obligations, India is moving towards renewable energy. India is adopting renewable energy in order to: Meet commitments made under the Paris Agreement. Fulfil obligations made at UNFCCC Glasgow, e.g. 50% of installed energy capacity ..

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An overhaul of Agro-R&D is imperative for fulfilling of India’s obligations of doubling farmer’s income. Comment.

The Agriculture sector requires robust R&D to improve livelihoods, by raising yields and quality. Therefore, there is a need for the following measures: Liberalising salary structures and promotion criteria of research institutions like Indian Council for Agricultural Research. Performance based promotion and competitive pay packages will help reverse brain drain of agricultural scientists. Increasing funding ..

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