Page-3 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - September, 2022

Discuss how the taboos and myths surrounding menstruation in India have been detrimental for women in many aspects of socio-cultural life. Suggest measures to combat them.

Menstruation is a part of life for girls and women aged approximately between 15 to 50 years. Due to regressive cultural practices, it has contributed to exclusion of women in many ways: Restrictions on mobility as women are sometimes forcibly confined to their houses. This affects their ability to participate in education, employment and political ..

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Despite increasing urbanisation in India, the caste-based discrimination has not been annihilated rather it has manifested in different ways. Discuss with examples.

Caste is a hierarchical system, where an individual is assigned a status at birth. This results in people being graded as ‘high’ and ‘low’. Urbanization has weakened the bonds of caste. Yet it is prevalent in urban areas in following ways: Housing – De-facto segregation of residential areas based on caste, e.g. marginalized castes are ..

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In context of the significance of the Himalayan mountain system for South Asia, explain the factors responsible for melting of glaciers and its impact on the region.

The South Asian Himalayan system is critical for the survival of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. Factors responsible for glacier melting: Global warming has led to increase in average temperature of Earth by over 1oC since pre-industrial times. This change has been more pronounced in Himalayan region. Air pollution has also contributed to melting, ..

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The increasing popularity of virtual assets is also increasing the risk of its misuse for money laundering activities. Elaborate. Also, suggest measures to mitigate the risk.

Virtual assets are those, which are created and stored using Blockchain technology, e.g. cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. They have been criticised for their ability to aid money laundering in following ways: Virtual assets offer their users anonymity. It is easy to carry out financial transactions to disguise the identity of owner and source of funds. Law ..

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Examine the rationale behind creation of different and diverse Central Armed Police Forces for guarding international borders. Also, highlight the contribution of these forces in ensuring security of India.

Central Armed Police Forces are largely under operational control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). Assam Rifles is under dual control. These forces were raised at different times, to achieve specific objectives like: Addressing security concerns along Nepal border – Sashastra Seema Bal. Tackling the concerns posed by China-Indo Tibetan Border Police. Improving border security ..

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The efforts of government for indigenization of defence technologies in India has delivered suboptimal results. Examine reasons behind it and suggest measures to accelerate the pace of indigenization in the defence sector.

The defence sector is essential for upholding national security. Indigenisation of the defence sector helps reduce reliance on foreign powers, and lobster military capabilities whenever needed. For long, defence indigenisation suffered due to: Lack of level playing field for defence Public sector undertakings and private sector. Inadequate participation of Indian MSMEs. Stringent Foreign Direct Investment ..

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