UPSC Mains Model Questions - September, 2022

Critically analyze the practice of setting up fast-track courts to reduce pendency of cases in the judiciary.

Fast track courts were set up by the government of India to expedite the justice delivery and a reduced pendency of cases. They were set up under fast track courts act 1989. Fast track courts help in reducing pendency: Reduce the burden from the existing subordinate courts. Matters which need urgent importance can be looked ..

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Explain the role played by endogenic forces in forming various landforms on the earth.

Endogenic forces are those forces that are generated inside the earth surface, e.g. volcanic forces. Types of endogenic forces: Compressional force – Orogenetic forces – Which causes formation of mountain, therefore also called mountain building force. Epeirogenetic forces – cause formation of continents, therefore also called as continent building force. Tensional force – acts to ..

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Explain Madden-Julian oscillations and its difference from El-Nino? Discuss its impact on Indian monsoon.

Madden-Julian Oscillation is a system of cloud, wind and rain which keeps moving around the globe. Difference from El-Nino: El-nino originates in western coast of South America (East Pacific) and impacts global climate especially Indian Ocean Maiden-Julian oscillation moves around the world. The Atlantic is untouched by El-Nino, while MJO impacts it also. El-nino is ..

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A flourishing livestock sector is an efficient tool for augmenting incomes of low income households and eradicates poverty. Elucidate. Further, suggest ways for ensuring sustainable livestock sector growth in India.

India has a diverse and growing livestock sector ranging from sheep, poultry, fisheries, dairy, etc. Growing livestock sector: Second largest fish production. Largest milk producer. Augment incomes of low income households: Provides supplementary income to the farmers. Provides insurance to the rural community in event of crop failure. Better enumeration to farmers due to explosive ..

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Explain the properties and applications of superconductors. What are the constraints in its practical use?

The superconductors are those conductors which show superconductivity at room temperature, which means their resistance is zero at the room temperature. Properties: Minimum heat losses due to zero resistance within the superconductor. Better efficiency in terms of conducting electricity. Lower AT&C (aggregate technical and commercial) losses. Applications: Providing efficient energy to all. In ICT technologies ..

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Throw some light on the characteristics and significance of Project MANAV launched by the Department of biotechnology.

The Project Manav aims to create a certified database of the molecular network of all the tissues in the human body. Significance of project Manav: Promoting scientific collaboration among different universities and researchers. Promoting research and development in the human anatomy and tissues of the body. The database can be later utilised by private companies, ..

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