Page-10 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - October, 2022
Identifying the factors responsible for formation of tides, discuss their geographical and economic significance.
Tides are type of natural coastal phenomena that cause a regular surge and dip in ocean water levels on coasts. Types of tides: Based on diurnal frequency – Diurnal, semi diurnal and mixed. Based on time interval – spring tide ..
Topics: GS-I: Important Geophysical Phenomena
In context of increased instances of flash floods in India, suggest measures for better resilience. Also, highlight the significance of flash flood guidance system (FFGS) operated by the Indian meteorological Department (IMD).
12% of India’s total land is vulnerable to floods (IMD). Vulnerability: Tropical country – increasing adverse impacts of climate change can trigger flash floods due to increased rainfall intensity, dispersed downpours (80% rainfall in four months), more cloudburst events in ..
Topics: GS-III: Conservation Environmental Pollution Degradation
Mega food parks could have been a game changer for the food processing sector in India, however they have not been able to achieve their potential so far. Discuss.
Mega food parks are based on hub and spoke model, integrating farms with food processing structures to provide vital linkages. Considered game changer: Better price at farm gates. Investment in cold storage, transportation, warehousing. Better marketing options due to branding, ..
Topics: GS-III: Storage Transport and Marketing of Agricultural Produce Related Issues
Identify the need for a climate resilient agriculture in India, discuss how it can be achieved.
National Mission on climate change entails a national Mission on smart agriculture highlighting clear link between climate change and agricultural resilience. Need for climate resilient agriculture: Rainfed – More than 50% area under rain fed agriculture. Changing rainfall patterns, intensity ..
Topics: GS-III: Conservation Environmental Pollution Degradation • GS-III: E-Technology in the Aid of Farmers
Examine the problems associated with the current fertilizers subsidy regime in India, discuss the need for reforms.
The fertiliser subsidy accounts for the third highest subsidy burden on government expenditure. Issues of current subsidy regime: Economic- High fiscal burden. State administered prices of urea caused one of the highest prices internationally. Regulated distributors, sellers causing inefficiency in ..
Topics: GS-II: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in Various Sectors
The true federalism can only be achieved in India by adequately empowering third tier of Indian federal structure. Analyse.
The 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendment gave a constitutional backing to the three tier federal structure of Indian polity. Empowerment of third tier, key to strengthen federalism: Uphold principle of subsidiarity – decision making to be done at lowest level. ..