Page-17 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - November, 2022

Discuss the role of TRAI in India’s telecom growth story. What are the pros and cons of the recent provisions related to TRAI in the Telecom Bill?

The Union government has released the draft of ‘The Indian Telecommunication Bill, 2022’ wherein it has proposed several significant changes. Key amendments: The draft Bill consolidates three separate acts that govern the telecommunications sector, i.e. Indian Telegraph Act 1885, Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act 1933 and The Telegraph Wires (Unlawful Protection) Act 1950. Inclusion of OTTs ..


In view of Pakistan’s recent removal from the grey list, evaluate the performance of FATF in fighting terror financing.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has recently decided to remove Pakistan from its grey list.  The step has been taken keeping in mind the country’s significant progress in strengthening legal and government mechanisms and enhancing the monitoring capacity. FATF: FATF is an intergovernmental organization to combat global money laundering and terrorist financing. It also ..


Glaciers in the Alps are melting faster than ever and Himalayan glaciers are melting at the fastest rate in the world. In this context, examine its consequences on the world and the importance of preserving glaciers.

In 2022, glaciers in the Swiss Alps melted more than any other year on record and have lost an average of 6.2% of their ice. Similarly, several studies have concluded that glaciers across the Himalayas are melting at an extraordinary rate, faster than anywhere on the globe. Reasons behind fast melting of glaciers: Irreversible ecological ..