Page-6 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - July, 2022

Recent reports and National Family health Surveys have signaled a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Highlighting this shift, Discuss the challenges that it will pose. Also, suggest remedial measures.

Recently released NFHS-5 report indicated a monumental shift in Indian demographics. Population stabilization and TFR of below 2.0 achieved. Share of young people in India’s demography has started to decline. Even UNDESA highlighted that India is soon going to witness ..

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In view of the importance of Blue Economy to New India Vision 2030, delineate the distribution of key ocean minerals that can help India realize its potential.

Blue economy refers to the economic value & potential associated with oceans & ocean ecosystem. Importance to New India Vision 2030: Sustainable livelihood opportunities. E.g., Fishermen, Sea farers, etc. Sustainable tourism – Boost India’s soft power & cultural richness. Vast ..

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India has the highest number of endangered languages in the world as per the UNESCO. Discuss the factors that have endangered the native languages. Also highlight the steps taken for their protection and conservation.

India is home to a rich linguistic diversity. There are 22 scheduled languages. There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India. More than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India. Manuscripts & historical ..

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Highlight the role played by the MPLAD scheme in creating community assets based on local needs. Also discuss the issues associated with it.

MPLAD is a Central Sector Scheme, announced in 1993, with an objective to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature, primarily in their Constituencies. Role in creating community assets: The developmental work emphasize upon creation of durable community assets ..

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India needs to move from being an assembler to a manufacturer of microchips. In this context, identify the associated challenges and opportunities.

The Microchips refer to small sized semiconductor chips which are increasingly being used in day-to-day gadgets, appliances, devices, control systems, etc. Rise of 5G, artificial Intelligence and internet of things has given significant push to microchip industry. In this context, ..

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Though, there are various problems associated with single use plastics, a number of challenges needs to be faced after the blanket ban, on their use is imposed. Discuss.

Single use plastics refer to plastic that can be used only once and it cannot be recycled. They are discarded after their first use and end up into landfills, contributing to pollution. Problems associated: It is non-biodegradable. Plastics when burnt ..

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