Page-4 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - July, 2022

How far has the governance in India achieved the twin objectives of transparency and accountability? Discuss.

NITI Aayog’s recent step to bring out a “Good Governance Index” to measure parameters like transparency & accountability has brought focus on India’s positions on the two. Analysis of governance in India: Transparency: In formulation of schemes: Citizen feedback has become an important element of scheme like EIA, MGNREGA. Implementation of schemes – Digitization of ..

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The principal constraint for India is trying to find solutions to 21st century problems using 19th century government structures. Discuss.

21st century India is faced with a novel set of issues & challenges, influenced by globalization, technology revolution, 4th Industrial revolution, climate change, etc. 21st Century Problems: Dual use of technology & their consequences. E.g. AI & associated privacy concern. New forms of security threats. E.g. Cyber threat, Drones, etc. Integrated nature of problems. E.g. ..

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The CBI is often cited as an example of the rising politicisation of public institutions. In this context, identify the issues associated with the CBI’s functioning. What steps can be taken to address these issues.

Central Bureau of Investigation established under Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, is the central investigating agency to investigate serious criminal cases in India. It has been repeatedly used as a political weapon by the ruling parties against opposition. SC has called it as a “caged parrot” pointing to its politicization. Issues with functioning: Politicization due ..

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Discuss, the evolution of fiscal federalism in India, in the light of developments in recent years.

Fiscal federalism refers to distribution of fiscal powers between the various organs of governments, viz. Union, State, 3rd tier. Recent changes such as 101st constitutional amendment act (GST) and debate around cesses have brought fiscal federalism into news. Evolution of fiscal federalism over time: 1950-1990: Establishment of finance commission to recommend devolution of finances to ..

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The outcome rather than the output is the true measure of efficiency of legislature. Discuss, in context of the functioning of parliament of India.

Indian parliament consisting of an upper house & a lower house is the highest institution and embodiment of India’s deliberative and representative democracy. Despite a large number of bills passed, the functioning of Indian parliament has recently been affected by several issues: Decline in outcome/productivity over years. Decline in time given for deliberations due to ..

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While the judiciary should not remain a silent spectator in case of constitutional rights of citizens being infringed by executive policies, it must avoid assuming the role of the executive. Critically analyze.

Separation of powers is a cardinal feature of the Indian constitution, based on the doctrine of checks and balances. Recently there have been instances of judicial activism, which have raised concerns on the role of judiciary. Why intervention of Judiciary is needed? In line with doctrine of checks & balances. As seen in Anuradha Bhasin ..

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