Page-16 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - July, 2022

Though it had its achievements, the exclusion of Indians from the system was a key feature of judicial reforms introduced by Cornwallis. Analyze.

Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793) is regarded as the father of modern administration in India. He introduced reforms in police, judiciary, land revenue systems, etc. The judicial reform of Cornwallis had the following features: Separated criminal and civil courts Established hierarchy of courts with criminal side headed by Sadar Nijamat Adalat and civil side by Sadar Diwani ..

Topics: 

Foreign capital is very important for a developing country like India, however there are various concerns associated with it. Discuss.

Foreign Capital refers to sources of capital and investment, which have their origin outside India. Various sources of foreign capital: Foreign direct investment. Foreign institutional investment. Loans and grants from multilateral institutions. Foreign bank deposits in the Indian financial system. Foreign capital not only brings Forex but also brings investment, employment, skills, technology, and innovation ..

Topics: 

The skill India mission of the government of India faces a 3E challenge, Education, Employment & Employability. Discuss and suggest measures to overcome these challenges.

Indian population has the advantage of being one of the youngest in the world. The focus on skilling the young Indian population began with a structural policy change with the Skill India mission in 2016. 3E challenge: Education: With an approximately 75% literacy rate, which is heavily skewed against women; India still needs to work ..

Topics: 

Integrated water resource management can address the problems related to water in India. Discuss.

IWRM refers to managing water and land resources in an integrated manner, taking the river sub-basin as the basic unit. National water policy 2012, brought in the concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). Features of IWRM: River basin as the base unit. Watershed management. Water and land are taken as an integrated aspect. Focus ..

Topics: 

It has been argued that shifting from traditional agriculture to e-Agriculture and the use of ICT tools can transform the agriculture scenario in India. Discuss, along with initiatives taken in this regard.

E-agriculture refers to the use of digital tools to enhance all aspects of the agriculture system, e.g production, procurement, storage, marketing, etc. Use of Information & communication technology in Agriculture: Crop Production Weather forecasting tools like the Krishi Megh app Online tools to help farmers with the information on the right crop season, input availability, ..

Topics: 

There are several issues that are plaguing the crop procurement process in India. Discuss the measures to strengthen crop procurement in India.

Under provisions of the National Food Security Act and Public Distribution System, the government of India procures most of the agricultural produce in the country at various support prices like MSP. Issues plaguing crop procurement: Support price-related issues – The government of India announces MSP for 23 crops (rabi, Kharif, cash crops). However, MSP for ..

Topics: