UPSC Mains Model Questions - July, 2022

Discuss the need for setting up of social stock exchange in India. What are the key challenges in their effective implementation?

Social stock exchange (SSE) refers to a stock exchange platform, to enable funding for enterprises with social benefits. An expert panel constituted by the SEBI has recommended allowing non-profit organisations to directly list on Social Stock Exchanges (SSE). Need for setting up of SSEs: Financial: As per government estimates there are 31 lakh NGOs in ..

Topics: 

Asset monetization is imperative to achieve the goal of $5 trillion economy and fund India’s massive infrastructure needs. In the light of above statement, critically discuss the need of national monetization pipeline. Also discuss the issues that need to be addressed for its success.

Government of India has announced National monetization pipeline for asset monetization. Asset monetization refers to deriving value from public assets through means such as leasing (TOT model), selling dysfunctional assets, PPP investments, etc. Need for asset monetization in India: Harnessing the potential of public infrastructure lying idle, e.g. less-used airports, roads, etc. Financing our massive ..

Topics: 

National security guard has emerged as a world-class trained force to tackle various facets of terrorism. Discuss the mandate and achievements of this force.

National Security guards (NSG) is a specialized agency to tackle advanced forms of terrorism in India. It formally came into existence in 1986 by an act of Parliament. The idea behind raising such force came in the aftermath of Operation Blue Star. Mandate of NSG: Coordinated efforts against terrorism in India. Investigation & intelligence inputs ..

Topics: 

Keeping in view, the complex and new forms of security threats emerging in recent times, discuss how technology is a major stakeholder in addressing the internal security challenges of India.

Globalization and fourth Industrial Revolution have given rise to new and complex forms of internal security challenges, calling for a harmonious mix of both man and machine to combat them. Man and machine both have an important role in national security. Technology – a major stakeholder in internal security: Reaching terrains where men can’t g. ..

Topics: 

To enhance the diffusion of space technology and boost the space economy, the government is encouraging the participation of private sector in space activities. In light of the statement, discuss the significance of Indian space Association in providing an impetus to space technology in India.

Government’s announcement for the formation of NSIL and In-Space as a step towards privatization of India’s space initiative drew the attention to the current public dominated set up. Current setup – dominated by government: ISRO – only major organisation launching India’s space initiatives for past many years. DRDO – defense & space research and launch ..

Topics: 

There is a need for realizing projects under ‘open source’ license for the welfare of society at large. Critically examine the above statement in the context of intellectual property rights.

Intellectual Property Rights provide protection to innovation – in products, processes, etc to incentivize investments and outputs in innovation. India’s IPR policy provides overarching framework for same. Open source licence, refers to making innovation public, at no cost to all. Advantages: Enhanced public welfare, as more and more companies and processes can use the innovations ..

Topics: