Page-5 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - August, 2022

Tribunals have not only failed in achieving their envisaged objectives but also creating multiple challenges in the administration of justice in India. Critically analyze.

Tribunalization of justice in India has been a central feature of India’s legal system in past decade. Its features are: Trapping of writ Quasi judicial authority Expert adjudication Significance: Overburdened Judiciary has been inadequate to meet the needs of technical and complex nature of adjudication in key sectors. E.g. 3 crore cases are pending, 87% ..

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Despite federalism being the part of the basic structure of constitution, Indian model of federalism leans in favour of a strong centre. Discuss.

The Article 1 of the constitution declares India i.e. Bharat as Union of States. According to the constitutional bench of Jindal Steel vs Union of India, India’s federalism is sui generis model which cannot be abridged in a sentence or two. Similar to Canadian model, India’s federal structure leans in favour of a strong centre. ..

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Highlight the challenges associated with the implementation of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 and suggest measures to ensure its implementation in both letter and spirit.

The Panchayats (Extension to scheduled areas) Act, 1996 is hallmark of spirit of Democratic decentralisation and the Gandhian democracy in India. Salient features: 73rd amendment modified to suit local customs of the people in scheduled areas. Power of Gram Sabha To undertake, plan ans implement development projects. Gave certificate of utilization of funds to Panchayat. ..

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Highlight the importance of Kihoto Hollohan judgement in the light of issue of political defections in India.

“As politics become career, politicians become commodities for trade”. The menace of political defection is not new to India. The instance of Gaya Ram Aaya Ram, changing loyalties thrice in 2 weeks as early as 1960’s testifies the same. Unfortunately, the extent and frequency has intensified in recent years. Political parties sole motive is to ..

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Analyse the merits and demerits of the Presidential system for a country like India.

The constitution of India has provided for parliamentary system at both centre and state level. Unlike the presidential system, parliamentary system is based on responsible government where executive is responsible to legislative for its policies and actions. Given the non-satisfactory working of parliamentary system (Criminalization, High defection, frequent disruption & poor quality of debate), demand ..

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It has been often argued that the Governor usually acts more as ‘an agent of the centre’ than as constitutional head of state. Critically analyse.

The governor is the de jure executive head of the state and plays central role in maintaining healthy centre-state relationship. Constitutional position: Article 163 – governor is appointed by the President and holds office during his pleasure. Apart from constitutional discretion, he has been bestowed with individual discretion in recognition of his role as centre’s ..

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