Page-4 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - August, 2022

In the light of increasing trend of disinvestment in India, discuss its merits and demerits.

The government of India is setting the targets for disinvestments in the annual budgets for the past few years. Disinvestment is the process of selling government stakes/ shares in an entity. It is different from privatization, which is sale of 100% shares. When government transfers control over 51% of its stake, it is termed as ..

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The preamble to the Indian constitution cannot be regarded as a source of any prohibition or limitation. Discuss in the context of various judgements of the Supreme Court.

Mr. Nani Palkivala, famous constitutional expert described preamble as horoscope of India’s constitution. It embodies the vision of our founding fathers, fundamental principles as well as solemn resolve that nothing but revolution can alter. Significance: Nature of Indian society – Democratic, Republic, Sovereign, Socialist, Secular. Source of authority – “We, the people” Values of society ..

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Government often cites lack of funds for development projects but there are common instances where funds lie unutilised in several departments. Explain the reasons behind this.

Lack of financial resources and necessary infrastructure remains one of the dominant challenges in implementation of any government scheme. Prominent examples: 73rd and 74th constitutional – local bodies have paucity of funds as well as functionaries. Gram Nyayalayas – not setup by several states citing lack of funds. Opposition of some states to Ayushman Bharat ..

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Examine the systematic issues that create hurdles in the effective functioning of regulatory bodies in India.

The regulatory bodies are crucial effective, independent and effective functioning of sectoral authorities in India, such as: TRAI – regulating telecom sector RBI – banking sector IRDA – insurance sector SEBI – capital market Systematic Issues: Politicization – Tussle between RBI and government over credit to NBFC sector. Concern with SEBI over information asymmetry. Political ..

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Discuss the relevance of accountability of Judiciary to the society, while remaining conscious of the constitutional organisation of the government.

The judiciary is the guardian of the constitution, guarantor of the fundamental rights of citizens and ‘sentinel on qui vive’ (watchful guardian) on two other branches of the government. Given this significant role, Independent and Impartial judiciary is sine qua non. Constitutional organisation: Article 124 and 214 – Judges appointed by the President upon recommendation ..

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The 103rd constitutional amendment act has been hailed as an important step towards meeting the objectives of social justice in India. Critically examine its relevance.

Equality is the cornerstone and basic feature of the constitution of India. Article 14 of the constitution embodies both formal and substantive equality. According to article 14, every person is equal before the law and discrimination solely on the ground of caste, creed, religion, sex is not allowed. Also, every individual has different socio-economic realities ..

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