Page-3 of UPSC Mains Model Questions - August, 2022

Explain the concept of inclusive growth and examine its significance for overall development of India.

Inclusive growth refers to process and outcome, where every section of society participates in organisation of growth and benefits from it equally (UNDP). IMF chief economist Ms. Gopinath argues that Growth is inclusive when it: Occurs in sector where poor work. Use resources that poor produce (labour). Create value in sector on which poor depend ..

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State the objectives envisaged in the public distribution system in India. Also discuss the limitations and steps taken by the government to deal with these limitations.

The Public Distribution System (PDS) is world’s largest Food Security program, catering to over 75% of rural population and 50% of the urban population in India. Objectives – under National Food Security Act, 2013: Food security India suffers from serious hunger (score of 26.2 in global hunger index). Over 53% women are anaemic. 14% population ..

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Enumerate the issues that have plagued the railway sector in India. Mention the steps taken by government to address these issues.

Indian Railways with second largest Railway network in the world caters to highest passenger and fourth largest freight traffic in the world. Significance: Mass transport. Source of revenue for government. Key to Linking ‘Bharat’ with ‘India’. Concerns: Safety 2019 saw human death due to Railway accident after several decades. Followed by couple of rail accidents ..

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Discuss the steps taken by the government to fix the issues faced by the civil aviation sector in India.

India has third largest domestic market in Civil Aviation in the world. Significance: Among the fastest growing sector. Private players leading to cost effectiveness and large consumer base. Key for passenger, freight transport such as Agri produce transport. Constraints: High cost of Aviation fuel – amounts to approximately 45% of total cost expenditure. Poor safety ..

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In the light of poor road safety conditions in India, discuss the measures taken by the government in this regard.

Recent World Bank report on traffic crash injuries claims that approximate 4.5 lakh people are involved in road accidents in India every year, with 1.5 Lakh losing their lives. Reasons: Violation of traffic regulations Over 27% accidents caused by driver without licence. Poor implementation of regulations – high corruption in issue of licences, poor monitoring. ..

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The new industrial policy, 1991 signalled a marked shift from the features of pre-1991 policies. Discuss.

The economic policies have been product of their times and new industrial policy 1991 was no different. Pre-1991 policies: Post independence state – Concerns of food insecurity. Absence of strong foundation of industry. Agriculture sector highly impoverished. Socialism with mix of private public sector was adopted as goal of economic policy. 1956 economic policy, also ..

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