UPSC Mains Model Questions - August, 2022
There are several issues associated with the storage and management of food grains in India. Enumerate the steps taken by government in this regard.
Continuing with the ongoing trend, year 2021 saw record food grain production despite the black swan event of Covid-19. Reasons: Favourable monsoon. Positive growth (3.4%) in agriculture sector. Rising exports (net exporter since 1991). Assured market (government MSP program). Issues ..
As a member of World Trade Organization (WTO), mention the domestic support measures available to countries under the Agreement on Agriculture. In this context, analyse the ‘peace clause’ provision.
The agreement on agriculture, crucial aspect of Doha dialogue under WTO, aims to arrive at consensus on extent of domestic support countries can extend to their agriculture sector. Domestic Support Measures: Food security program – E.g. National food security act, ..
Analyze the importance of farmer producer organizations (FPOs) for betterment of agricultural sector and farmers in India.
Central sector scheme of formalisation of farmer producer organisations (FPOs) aims to set up 10,000 FPOs by the end of year 2022. Farmer Producer Organisations: They are organised groupings of primary producers, farmers in this case. United by common interest, ..
The importance of port-led development can be understood from the fact that 90% of total volume and 70% of total value of trade is via sea route in India. Sagarmala Project: Triple objective of promoting infrastructure development, creating value for ..
The informal sector in India is plagued by several issues. In this context, highlight the measures taken by GOI to tackle these issues.
Highly informal nature of Indian economy (around 90%) is among the biggest challenges for growth and development of the nation. Its characteristics are: Absence of social security benefits Poorly regulated. Largely invisible despite major share in GDP. Related to high ..
Explain the difference between direct and indirect farm subsidies and also mention their merits and demerits.
The farm subsidies cost approximately 2.5-3.0% of our GDP and account for over 1/5th of total farm income. Direct and indirect subsidies: Direct farm subsidies include support/ subsidy transferred directly into farmer’s hands. Whereas, indirect farm subsidies are inherent in ..