In what ways did the naval mutiny prove to be the last nail in the coffin of British colonial aspirations in India?
Published: January 17, 2015
The Royal Indian Navy (RIN) mutiny took place in the aftermath of the Indian National Army (INA) Trials and the revolt of the Royal Air Force. The Indian masses were already in a frenzy over these recent events. The immediate cause of the RIN mutiny was dissatisfaction over the general conditions in the Navy. The Navy (as also the Air Force and the military forces) had been a part of World War-II, and they were greatly dissatisfied over the treatment meted out to them on their return.
The RIN Mutiny began in Bombay, and spread throughout British India, covering 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors. The mutiny also found widespread support among the people who were already discontent with the British establishment. Also, as the mutiny grew, member of the Royal Indian Air Force and the armed forces also joined in the rebellion. The revolt could have gone on longer and assumed larger proportions if it were not for the opposition to the mutiny from the leading political parties of its time, the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League. Only the Communist Party of India lent its support to the mutineers. The mutiny showed the British that they could not longer trust the armed forces in India, and marked the end of their supremacy over the Indians.
Model Questions Category: 008 - Indian Freedom Struggle - Significant Contributors