Highlight the importance of pressure groups in making the democracy participatory and responsive.
Pressure groups are a group of people who ventilate their opinions and try to influence public policy in their favour without directly taking part in politics.
- Voice of minorities.
- Accountability of government.
- Public spirited policy changes.
- Educates citizens on their rights.
- Gives voice to issues not raised in mainstream political discourse.
Examples by Pressure groups to ensure strong and vibrant democracy:
- Peoples union of civil liberties – Lobbied judicially and ensured formulation of doctrine of “negative vote” and introduction of NOTA.
- India Against Corruption – Lobbied for introduction and setting up of Lokpal, ensuring transparency in public life.
- NALSA – Recognition of third gender – giving them rights including voting rights.
Healthy participation by pressure groups is essential in a democratic setup and their activities should be encouraged subject to greater national interest.