Explain the doctrine of neutrality and its significance in context of the constitutional offices in India.
The doctrine of neutrality implies that the holder of a public office should behave with the attitude of formalistic impartiality and without malice to anyone. E.g. A judge should remain oblivious to his kinship ties in pronouncing a judgement.
Key tenets of doctrine of neutrality:
- Impartiality – no favouritism
- Transparency and data-led decision making
- Intellectual honesty
- No preconceived notions
- Accountability to the general public
- Rule-based governance and no arbitrary decision making
Significance of the doctrine of neutrality for constitutional offices:
- The Separation of power is ensured.
- It checks centralisation and dictatorial tendencies.
- It boosts the public confidence in institutions.
- It helps to check the discontent and anarchy among public.
- Preserves the system of checks and balances.
- Promotes ease of doing business and consequent material well-being.
- Ensures independent Judiciary and just judicial system.
Thus, the doctrine of neutrality holds special significance for the constitutional offices and promotes both material and non-material well being of the nation.
Topics: 033 - Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States • 036 - Separation of Powers Dispute Resolution Mechanisms • 050 - Important Aspects of Governance Transparency and Accountability Citizen Charters
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