Explain the doctrine of neutrality and its significance in context of the constitutional offices in India.

The doctrine of neutrality implies that the holder of a public office should behave with the attitude of formalistic impartiality and without malice to anyone. E.g. A judge should remain oblivious to his kinship ties in pronouncing a judgement.

Key tenets of doctrine of neutrality:

  • Impartiality – no favouritism
  • Transparency and data-led decision making
  • Intellectual honesty
  • No preconceived notions
  • Accountability to the general public
  • Rule-based governance and no arbitrary decision making

Significance of the doctrine of neutrality for constitutional offices:

  • The Separation of power is ensured.
  • It checks centralisation and dictatorial tendencies.
  • It boosts the public confidence in institutions.
  • It helps to check the discontent and anarchy among public.
  • Preserves the system of checks and balances.
  • Promotes ease of doing business and consequent material well-being.
  • Ensures independent Judiciary and just judicial system.

Thus, the doctrine of neutrality holds special significance for the constitutional offices and promotes both material and non-material well being of the nation.


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