Examine the trends in Notified TB Cases.
Published: September 27, 2019
Tuberculosis is a notified disease in India. The India TB Report 2019 makes the following observations related to notified TB cases:
- There was a 16% increase in the number of notified TB cases in 2018 as compared to the previous year.
- About 21.5 lakh TB cases were notified to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) in 2018.
- India which has the world’s largest TB burden accounted for a quarter of the Global TB burden with an estimated 27 lakh new cases in the year.
- Of the total notified cases, 25% (5.4 lakh) cases were from the private sector. There was a 40% increase in the number of cases reported from the private sector when compared to last year.
- Among the notified cases, treatment was initiated for about 19.1 lakh cases (90%) across both public and private sectors. The majority of the affected individuals (89%) were in the age group 15-69.
State Wise Incidence
- Uttar Pradesh which has 17% of the population of the country, reported 4.2 lakh cases and accounted for 20% of all notifications (187 cases/lakh population).
- Haryana witnessed a large increase in the number of cases between 2017 and 2018. The number of notified cases increased significantly in Rajasthan and UP, as well as Delhi.
- Odisha witnessed a decline in the number of notified cases from over 67,000 in 2017 to 50,244 in 2018, or about 25%.
- Odisha was the only state to register a decline in the number of cases. Alongside Odisha, the Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands too witnessed a drop.
TB Harega, Desh Jeetega Campaign
The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched ‘TB Harega Desh Jeetega’ campaign to eliminate tuberculosis from India. The campaign is built on three pillars – clinical approach, public health component and active community participation.
Model Questions Category: 048 - Social Sector Services Education Human Resources