Do you agree with the view that "Dewas model"in irrigation should be replicated across the country. Discuss while highlighting features of this model.
DEWAS District is very popular for water management and irrigation practices. Until 2005, Dewas was a drought prone area where farmers used to have major production problems. however post 2005, things have started changing. And currently Dewas district is a model district for irrigation, where farmers have plenty of water and are a source of inspiration for others.
The model of Dewas depends upon ‘Farm ponds‘ which store rainwater. The bore-wells in 1970s had hampered the ground water availability. Erratic monsoon rains made the situation so bad, the district had to be dependent upon water train from Indore.
However post 2006, with the advice and work of the district collector, a portion of farm land would be converted into pond- FARM POND- where the rainwater could be stored in the farm pond, the place from which water could be diverted into the crops to irrigate. And as of now every few kilometers has one farm pond. The district which once used to be a water scarce, crop failure region, now witnesses 2 crops per year. there is truly more crop per saved drop. The district also had improvement in ground water quality and quantity, and increase in biodiversity.
The Dewas model on irrigation is an good example for the purpose of replication in other places also.
i. Places having irregular monsoon rains, ground water table being low
ii. Places where crops are grown with low to medium dependency on irrigation
iii. Also to be tied up with other irrigation techniques like canal irrigation, micro-irrigation.
with the advent of several government schemes on irrigation, like pradhan mantri krishi sanchai yojana, focus is now shifted in utilizing every single droplet of water. And in such an scenario, Dewas model definitely gives a vision for the rest of the places to follow.