Discuss the constitutional provisions that ensure non-discrimination against any State by the Centre.
Published: November 20, 2017
India has a federal system with strong entre. The constitutional provisions that ensure non-discrimination against any State by the Centre are as follows:
- Clear demarcation of state subjects in list –II of 7th Centre generally does not encroach into these subjects and provides central support on matters related to these.
- Article 368 provides that any change in federal set up would require the approval of more than 50% states without any discrimination.
- For anything that a state may conceive as injustice to it by centre or another state, can reach to Supreme Court to resolve the issue under the latter’s original jurisdiction.
- The integrated election machinery under Article 324 works in similar fashion for all states.
- Under article 279-A, the GST council has provided equal membership for each state.
However, constitution also allows positive discrimination in special cases such as Article 275 for grants in aid; and article 371, 371-A to J to meet regional imbalances. Nevertheless, there are some provisions such as Article 356 that have allowed discrimination in many circumstances.
Model Questions Category: 030 - Salient Features Significant Provisions of Constitution