Discuss the administrative relations between the centre and the states in the light of recent controversies.
Recently controversies regarding the autonomy of states have been in debate. The chapter of Tamil Nadu, where two Union Ministers were arrested, resignation of the Governor Mrs. Fatima Bibi, etc, have raised the questions regarding relations between the Centre and the States. These issues raise the question about the supremacy of power. However, it is obvious that in India, the Centre is stronger than the States. Therefore, States are demanding more autonomy.
At present, the Constitutional provisions regarding the Centre–States Administrative relations are narrated in Chapter II of the part IX.
- Article-256 obliges States to comply with the laws of Parliament, while exercising their executive powers. The centre may direct the States in this regard, if necessary.
- Article – 257 equips the Centre with some control over the States. State Executives cannot prejudice the executive powers of the Union. Centre can direct the State to construct and maintain means of communication, which are declared to be of national or military importance. This provision extends to railways also.
- In emergency, the power of the Union extends to make laws and to give directions to the states (Article 356)
- The Head Officers in all States are appointed by the Centre under the All India Services.
- The Judges of the High Courts (Article 217), the Governor (Article 156) etc. are appointed and removed by the President.
- All these provisions clearly establish that the Centre has strong hand in the Centre-State relations.
Implementation of Sarkaria Commission (1984) recommendations may make the relations harmonious as is required in Federal System of Polity.