Assess the influence of colonialism and subsequent freedom struggle upon evolution of Indian art forms?

Published: February 19, 2017

Influence of colonialism and subsequent freedom struggle upon evolution of Indian art forms can be assessed by looking into trends in Indian paintings, language & literature, Music & Dance, and architecture. In paintings, the company style developed as a result of local art work influenced by British demand suitable to their taste. The Indian preference to natural colors and dyes was replaced to great extent by introduction of oil colors and paintings in India and pioneers such as Raja Ravi Verma established themselves in this art. The rise of Bengal school of art during early phase of freedom struggle moulded the struggle by giving an icon “Bharatmata” from brush of Abinandranath Tagore. The evolution of press and photography resulted in cheap art that  spread nationalistic feelings.
In Language and literature, spread of English language and education helped in development of local prose literature. The prose, poetry and drama along with printing press helped to spread nationalistic feelings.
In music and dance, both Carnatic School and Hindustani Classical Music and dance flourished. Rabindra Sangeet became famous in Bengal while many schools were opened in several parts of India. For freedom fighters, Songs became an important medium to express their love for country and inspired them to fight the liberation struggle. In Architecture, the British quest to convey their superiority resulted in many buildings of Gothic, Imperial, Christian and Victorian styles across India.

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