Arsenic pollution has become a severe environmental problem in India. Enumerate its various source, also discuss the consequences and measures to tackle it.

Arsenic is a heavy inorganic metal pollutant that causes great damage to humans and various other ecosystems.


  • Iron and steel smelting plants.
  • Car plants.
  • Mining sites due to leaching.
  • Electronic plants as arsenic is used in circuits and semiconductors.
  • Asbestos plants and factories.
  • Nuclear power plants – used in fuel rods.
  • Flyash of thermal power plants.


  • Affects respiratory system of humans and leads to Asthma, Lung inflammation, etc.
  • Contact with skin, eyes, etc causes rashes, dermatitis, and inflammation.
  • World Health Organisation recommends that concentration of Arsenic should be below 50 parts per million, above this concentration it becomes dangerous to human health.
  • Affect agricultural yield adversely and causes diseases in bovines leading to infertility.

Way forward:

  • Arsenic filters, made up of charcoal and electrostatic precipitators need to be used at point sources.
  • CPCB to mandate SOP for arsenic control and promote awareness.

National air quality index to also monitor it and report on it regularly.


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