Mains-87: Challenges to Internal Security through Communication Networks

UN Takes A Stand Against Cybercrime

The United Nations General Assembly has declared its approval to continue with the drafting of a new international treaty on cybercrime, despite the objections from the European Union, the United States, and other countries. The resolution, which was drafted by Russia, won the vote of the 193-member body, with a vote count of 79-60, with ..

Role of Social Media in Protests

The year 2019 has seen agitations flare up across the world, which involved people taking to the streets. There have been cases of showdown between the people of Hong Kong and the Chinese regime. The Netherlands saw thousands of farmers protesting, resulting on closure of the national highways, whereas in Paris the yellow vest protests ..

Internet as Basic Human Right

Internet shutdowns are used worldwide when there is civil unrest to block the flow of information about government activities and prevent spread of fake rumours. In India, with the presence of cheap data, services like WhatsApp are used to spread mis-information. Cutting online access The Internet can be termed as a basic human right even ..


The Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019 draws significant similarities with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) but also has some notable divergences. Discuss.

The Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019 has been introduced recently in the Parliament. It draws significant parallels with the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). There are similarities between the two data regulations as well as some differences.  Similarities between the bills –  Exceptions given –  Exceptions present in the Indian Bill and the ..

What is Pegasus software and how it poses a threat to countries like India ?

In May of 2019, Facebook-owned WhatsApp identified a bug in the app’s call function was used to install malicious code into the phone of the users. In late October, the malicious code was identified as Pegasus, a spyware developed by an Israeli company, NSO. WhatsApp along with its parent company Facebook then sued NSO in ..