Mains-86: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

National Investigation Agency Act

Recently, the Jharkhand government has moved to the Supreme court claiming that the National Investigation Agency Act, 2008 violates the constitution. In a civil suit, they have said that the National Investigation agency should not have any power over state governments. What is the National Investigation Agency Act, 2008? The National Investigation Agency Act, 2008 ..

Guidelines against destruction during protests

The Supreme Court expressed it displeasure over rioting and destruction of public property happening in the country recently. Despite of having a law, such incidents are common during protests. The Prevention of Damage to Public property act, 1984 punishes anyone who commits mischief by doing anything with respect to any public property, with a jail ..

Right to Protest in India: Constitutional & Legal Provisions

The right to protest peacefully is guaranteed by the Constitution and lies at the heart of the democracy. Articles 19 (1)(a) and 19 (1)(b) provide citizens with the right to freedom of speech and expression and to assemble peacefully. However, under Articles 19(2) and 19(3) places reasonable restrictions on the freedom of speech wherein the ..


The Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill 2019 is aimed at promoting the safety and security of India’s maritime trade. Comment.

The Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Ministry of External Affairs recently. It provides for the prevention of maritime piracy and prosecution of persons related with such crimes.  Key features of the Bill include:   The bill is applicable to all parts of the sea adjacent and beyond the limits ..

Discuss the various reforms taken by the Indian government to strengthen Defence preparedness. What steps should be taken to further deepen the effects of these reforms?

The Ministry of Defence has undertaken a number of reforms during the last five years. Given its volatile security environment and the changing character of warfare, India cannot afford to lower its military guard. Various reforms taken are as follows: Defence Planning:Defence Planning Committee was set up under the chairmanship of the National Security Advisor. ..